Why Does My German Shepherd Eat His Own Poop?

Your German Shepherd eat his own poop because of dietary deficiencies, behavioral disorders, or attention-seeking behavior. Coprophagia is a common behavior in dogs, and various factors can cause it. Suppose you are concerned about your dog’s coprophagia. You must talk to your veterinarian to rule out any medical problems and recommend ways to prevent or stop the behavior.

Coprophagia, a peculiar behavior in dogs, refers to consuming their own feces. It is not uncommon among German Shepherds, a popular and intelligent dog breed. Understanding and addressing this behavior is crucial for responsible pet ownership and the well-being of our furry companions.

This article explores the reasons behind coprophagia in German Shepherds, its prevalence, and its potential impact on their health. Additionally, we’ll provide helpful insights on how to prevent and manage this behavior, along with when to seek professional assistance. Let’s delve into the fascinating world of our canine friends and unravel why some German Shepherds eat their own poop.

Coprophagia in Dogs: Natural Behavior or Behavioral Problem
Photo Credit to Yan Krukau

Coprophagia in Dogs: Natural Behavior or Behavioral Problem?

Various canine species have observed coprophagia, the act of dogs eating poop, which has a long history. To comprehend this behavior, we must consider its origins in the wild. In nature, dogs might eat poop to get extra nutrients, copy what their pack does, or keep their living areas tidy.

In the wild, coprophagia could serve as a survival mechanism, enabling dogs to extract additional nutrients from their prey’s feces. However, domestication and changes in their diet may have altered this behavior. In our modern settings, coprophagia in dogs is often seen as a behavioral problem rather than a natural instinct.

For domesticated dogs, there can be multiple potential reasons behind coprophagia. It may arise from nutritional deficiencies in their diet, where they seek additional vitamins and minerals from their own waste. Sometimes, dogs with medical issues like exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) can’t absorb nutrients properly. So, they eat their poop to compensate for the nutrients they are missing.

Apart from nutritional problems, dogs may eat poop because of behavioral issues. They might do this because they feel bored, stressed, or anxious. They could also be seeking attention from their owners or copying the behavior of other dogs in the house.

To effectively address coprophagia in domesticated dogs, a comprehensive approach is essential. Pet owners should consult their veterinarian to rule out any underlying health issues and discuss the dog’s diet and nutritional needs. Behavioral interventions with the help of professional behaviorists may also be beneficial.

Prevention is key to managing coprophagia. Dog owners can discourage the behavior by cleaning their living areas and promptly removing feces. Some deterrents, such as bitter apple spray, can discourage dogs from consuming their waste. Additionally, incorporating probiotics into the dog’s food may aid digestion and reduce feces’ appeal.

Understanding the Reasons Behind German Shepherd Eat His Own Poop
Photo Credit to Yan Krukau

Understanding the Reasons Behind German Shepherd Eat His Own Poop

Coprophagia in German Shepherds can be attributed to various factors that influence their behavior. Understanding these reasons is crucial for effectively addressing this undesirable habit.

A. Dietary Deficiencies and Nutritional Imbalance

Dietary deficiencies and nutritional imbalances can be potential reasons for coprophagia in German Shepherds. If dogs don’t get enough vitamins and minerals in their food, they might eat their poop to get nutrients they need. To prevent this behavior, dog owners must ensure their pets are on a balanced and nutritious diet.

If you notice your German Shepherd engaging in coprophagia, it’s essential to seek advice from a veterinarian or a professional behaviorist. They can help identify any underlying medical problems or behavioral issues that may be contributing to the behavior. To stop dogs from eating poop, prevention and management methods can help. Using bitter apple spray as a deterrent or adding probiotics to the dog’s food can be useful in controlling coprophagia.

Dog owners can help their German Shepherds live better lives by understanding why they eat poop and taking action to deal with it. This will make their pets healthier and happier. Responsible pet ownership involves being attentive to our furry companions’ needs and seeking professional assistance when necessary.

B. Pica and Behavioral Disorders

Pica, a condition where dogs eat non-food items, can contribute to coprophagia in German Shepherds. Behavioral disorders might cause these dogs to be fascinated with poop or other substances. To ensure proper treatment, it is essential to identify and address such disorders with the assistance of a veterinarian or behaviorist.

If you observe coprophagia or related behavioral issues in your German Shepherd, seeking help from a professional is vital. A veterinarian or behaviorist can thoroughly assess the root causes and recommend appropriate treatment or behavior modification techniques.

By dealing with pica and other behavioral issues, we can effectively control poop-eating (coprophagia) and create a safer and healthier environment for our dogs. Responsible pet owners prioritize their furry friends’ well-being and take prompt action when facing health or behavioral concerns.

C. Attention-Seeking Behavior

German Shepherds are intelligent and friendly animals. They might eat their own poop to seek attention from their owners. If this behavior is reinforced with attention, it can become a habit. To discourage coprophagia, providing them with sufficient mental and physical stimulation is crucial, redirecting their focus to more appropriate activities.

As responsible dog owners, we must know our German Shepherds’ needs and ensure they receive the proper attention and engagement. To prevent attention-seeking behaviors like coprophagia, we can provide mental challenges, interactive play, and regular exercise for our dogs. This helps strengthen the bond with our furry friends. If the behavior continues, seeking advice from a vet or behaviorist can give us helpful ideas and strategies to deal with it effectively.

D. Stress and Anxiety

Stress and anxiety can contribute to coprophagia in German Shepherds. Significant life changes, fear, or unfamiliar surroundings may trigger this behavior. To address coprophagia caused by stress, positive reinforcement, establishing comforting routines, and providing a safe environment are essential.

As pet owners, we must be attentive to our German Shepherds’ emotional well-being. We can make our furry friends healthier and happier by finding and easing the things that stress or worry them. This will help decrease coprophagia, the poop-eating behavior. Seeking guidance from a veterinarian or behaviorist can offer valuable insights and effective strategies to manage stress-related coprophagia if needed.

E. Instinctual or Learned Behavior

Coprophagia in German Shepherds can sometimes stem from instinctual or learned behavior. When a German Shepherd observes other dogs or animals eating feces, they might imitate the behavior out of curiosity or as a learned habit.

Consistent training and proper environmental management are essential to discourage coprophagia influenced by observation or imitation. Providing a clean living area and promptly removing feces can limit their access to waste. Additionally, reinforcing positive behaviors through training can redirect their focus and discourage them from engaging in coprophagia.

It’s crucial to create a supportive and nurturing environment that fosters desirable behaviors and minimizes the chances of coprophagia. If the behavior continues, getting advice from a vet or behaviorist can help identify and address any hidden reasons causing the behavior.

Health Implications of Coprophagia
Photo Credit to Jozef Fehér

Health Implications of Coprophagia

Coprophagia, the act of dogs eating poop, can have significant health implications for German Shepherds. Understanding these risks is vital for safeguarding their well-being.

A. Health Risks to the Dog

Engaging in coprophagia can pose various health risks to German Shepherds. Consuming feces exposes them to harmful bacteria and parasites in poop, leading to gastrointestinal infections and other illnesses. Dogs may experience stomach upsets, diarrhea, and vomiting due to the ingestion of these pathogens.

As responsible pet owners, it’s crucial to prevent coprophagia to safeguard the health and well-being of our beloved German Shepherds. Cleaning their living areas regularly and giving them a balanced diet with necessary vitamins and minerals can make poop-eating less appealing to dogs. If you notice persistent coprophagia or any signs of health issues, consulting a veterinarian is advisable for proper evaluation and treatment.

B. Transmission of Parasites and Diseases

Engaging in coprophagia can lead to an increased risk of parasite transmission in German Shepherds. Feces may contain worms like roundworms, hookworms, and tapeworms, which can infect dogs when consumed. Diseases such as giardiasis and coccidiosis can also be contracted by ingesting contaminated fecal matter.

Protecting our dogs from these health hazards is essential to prevent coprophagia. Regularly cleaning up poop and discouraging the behavior through positive reinforcement and environmental management can reduce the risk of parasite transmission. Maintaining a nutritious diet and seeking regular veterinary check-ups can help identify and address potential health issues related to coprophagia.

C. Impact on Digestive System and Nutrient Absorption

The act of coprophagia can harm a German Shepherd’s digestive system. Eating poop can disrupt the balance of gut flora, leading to digestion and nutrient absorption issues from their regular food. This disruption may worsen existing nutritional deficiencies and contribute to a cycle of coprophagia.

To avoid such complications, it’s crucial to address coprophagia promptly. To keep German Shepherds healthy, we can give them a balanced diet, use positive reinforcement to discourage poop-eating, and seek advice from a vet or behaviorist if needed. This helps avoid digestive problems and maintains their overall health. Incorporating probiotics into their diet can also aid in promoting healthy digestion and reducing the appeal of eating feces.

Tips to Prevent and Manage Coprophagia
Photo Credit to Barthelemy Rigaud

Tips to Prevent and Manage Coprophagia

Coprophagia in German Shepherds can be a challenging behavior to handle, but with the right approach, it can be prevented and managed effectively.

A. Consultation with a Veterinarian

If you observe your German Shepherd displaying coprophagia, seeking guidance from a veterinarian is essential. The first step is to consult a vet who can assess your dog for any potential medical issues contributing to this behavior. Addressing underlying health problems is crucial in effectively managing coprophagia and ensuring your dog’s well-being.

Through professional consultation and examination, the veterinarian can provide tailored advice and treatment options to address the root cause of coprophagia. They can also offer recommendations on nutrition, behavior modification, and other preventive measures to stop the habit and promote a healthier lifestyle for your beloved German Shepherd. Remember that seeking early intervention from a vet can lead to better outcomes and a happier, healthier canine companion.

B. Proper Nutrition and Balanced Diet

To prevent coprophagia in your German Shepherd, focus on their diet. Ensure they are fed balanced and nutritious dog food that fulfills all their dietary requirements. High-quality dog food rich in essential vitamins and minerals can help reduce the temptation to seek additional nutrients from their feces.

A well-balanced diet is vital for your dog’s overall health and can play a significant role in curbing coprophagia. Consult with your veterinarian to select the right dog food that suits your German Shepherd’s specific needs and addresses any nutritional deficiencies they may have. By providing the proper nutrients through their diet, you can help eliminate the habit of eating poop and promote a healthier and happier lifestyle for your furry friend.

C. Providing Mental and Physical Stimulation

To prevent coprophagia in your German Shepherd, providing them with regular mental and physical stimulation is crucial. Boredom can contribute to this behavior, so engaging your dog in interactive toys, games, and regular walks can help keep them stimulated and content.

German Shepherds are intelligent and active dogs that require mental challenges and physical exercise to stay happy and healthy. Incorporate playtime and training sessions into their daily routine to keep their minds sharp and alleviate boredom. Interactive toys and games can provide mental stimulation, while regular walks and outdoor activities help meet their physical needs.

Providing ample mental and physical stimulation reduces the likelihood of your German Shepherd developing coprophagia and creates a fulfilling and enriching environment for your furry companion. If needed, remember to monitor their behavior and seek advice from a veterinarian or behaviorist to ensure your dog’s well-being.

D. Consistent Training and Positive Reinforcement

Consistent training and positive reinforcement are essential in preventing coprophagia in your German Shepherd. By training your dog consistently and using positive reinforcement techniques, you can reward good behavior and discourage them from engaging in poop eating.

Teaching commands like “leave it” or “drop it” can be particularly useful in redirecting their focus away from poop and reinforcing the behavior you want to see. When your German Shepherd obeys these commands and avoids the feces, praise them and offer treats or affection as a reward.

Consistency is key in training, so reinforce these commands regularly and in various situations. Positive reinforcement can create a positive association with not engaging in coprophagia and encourage your dog to follow your commands.

Incorporate consistent training and positive reinforcement into your daily interactions with your German Shepherd to prevent them from developing the habit of eating poop. This approach and other preventive measures can significantly contribute to a healthier and more enjoyable relationship with your furry companion. If you encounter challenges in training or need professional guidance, consider consulting a veterinarian or behaviorist for expert advice.

E. Environmental Management and Cleanup

Environmental management and regular cleanup are crucial in preventing coprophagia in your German Shepherd. Keeping your living areas clean and feces-free reduces your dog’s access to their waste, discouraging them from engaging in poop eating.

Make it a habit to promptly clean up after your German Shepherd to minimize their fecal exposure. Regularly check and clean their living space to ensure there are no poop remnants left behind.

To further discourage coprophagia, consider using bitter apple spray or other safe deterrents on the feces. The unpleasant taste or smell will deter your dog from consuming their waste.

Maintaining a clean environment and using deterrents creates a less appealing space for your German Shepherd to engage in coprophagia. Alongside consistent training and a balanced diet, environmental management is vital in preventing this undesirable behavior.

Be proactive in managing your dog’s environment to promote a healthy, poop-free lifestyle. If you encounter challenges preventing coprophagia or need professional advice, consult a veterinarian or behaviorist for tailored solutions.

What to Avoid When Addressing Coprophagia
Photo Credit to Gerrie van der Walt

What to Avoid When Addressing Coprophagia

When addressing coprophagia in your German Shepherd, it is essential to be aware of certain approaches that should be avoided to ensure the well-being of your pet.

  1. Punishment-Based Approaches: Punishing your German Shepherd for engaging in coprophagia can be counterproductive and may lead to increased stress and anxiety. Using punitive methods can worsen the behavior and damage the trust between you and your dog. Instead, focus on positive reinforcement and reward-based training to encourage desirable behaviors.
  2. Use of Repellents and Harmful Substances: Using repellents or harmful substances on feces to deter your German Shepherd from eating poop can be unsafe and harmful to their health. Some commercial repellents may contain chemicals that are toxic to dogs. These substances may also not be effective in the long term and can lead to other unintended consequences.
  3. Ignoring Potential Health Issues: Ignoring potential health issues that may contribute to coprophagia is a mistake. If your German Shepherd continues to exhibit this behavior despite your efforts to address it, it is crucial to consult with a veterinarian. Underlying medical problems, such as nutritional deficiencies or digestive disorders, may require professional attention and treatment.
Case Studies and Success Stories
Photo Credit to Chrissy Lou

Case Studies and Success Stories

A. Real-Life Examples of Coprophagia in German Shepherds

Case Study: Bella’s Coprophagia Behavior

Bella, a three-year-old German Shepherd, exhibited coprophagia despite being on a balanced diet. Her owner noticed this behavior had started after a major life change in their household. Bella had become anxious due to the arrival of a new baby. She sought attention by engaging in coprophagia, which led to digestive issues and concern for her health.

Treatment and Success: Bella’s owner consulted a veterinarian and a professional behaviorist to address her coprophagia. The behaviorist recommended positive reinforcement training to redirect her focus and manage anxiety. Bella’s owner provided her with mental and physical stimulation, including interactive play and regular exercise. Over time, Bella’s coprophagia diminished, and her digestive issues improved. The family also ensured Bella’s access to poop was restricted, and they promptly cleaned up after her to prevent further incidents.

Case Study: Max’s Coprophagia Due to Nutritional Deficiencies

Max is a two-year-old German Shepherd who eats poop even though he gets high-quality dog food. The vet checked him but found no health problems. The vet thinks Max’s poop-eating might be because his current diet doesn’t give him all the nutrients he needs.

Treatment and Success: The veterinarian recommended switching Max to a specialized dog food that addressed his specific dietary needs. The new diet contained essential vitamins and minerals that Max’s previous food lacked. Additionally, the veterinarian recommended adding probiotics to Max’s meals to improve his gut health. Over time, Max’s coprophagia significantly reduced, and he showed improvements in his overall health and well-being.

B. Successful Coprophagia Management Techniques

  1. Positive Reinforcement Training: Utilizing positive reinforcement training can be highly effective in managing coprophagia. When your German Shepherd shows disinterest in poop or responds to the “leave it” or “drop it” commands, reward them with treats, praise, or affection. This reinforces the desired behavior and helps redirect their focus away from eating poop.
  2. Environmental Cleanup: Regularly clean up your German Shepherd’s living areas to remove feces promptly. Keeping their environment clean reduces their access to poop and discourages coprophagia.
  3. Providing Mental and Physical Stimulation: Engage your German Shepherd in regular mental and physical activities to alleviate boredom and anxiety. Interactive toys, puzzles, and daily walks can keep them mentally stimulated and less likely to engage in coprophagia.
  4. High-Quality and Balanced Diet: Ensure your German Shepherd is on a high-quality and balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. A diet rich in essential vitamins and minerals can help reduce the urge to seek nutrients from their own waste.
  5. Consistency and Patience: Addressing coprophagia requires patience and consistency. Be persistent in implementing management techniques and training, as breaking this habit may take time.

By implementing these successful management techniques and learning from real-life case studies, you can effectively manage and prevent coprophagia in your beloved German Shepherd. Remember to consult with a veterinarian or professional behaviorist if the behavior persists or if you have any concerns about your dog’s health and well-being.

When to Seek Professional Help
Photo Credit to Summer Stock

When to Seek Professional Help

A. Signs that Require Veterinary Intervention

  1. Persistent Coprophagia: If your German Shepherd continues to engage in coprophagia despite your efforts to prevent or manage the behavior, it may indicate an underlying medical issue. Consult a veterinarian to rule out any potential health problems that could be contributing to the behavior.
  2. Digestive Issues: If your dog experiences frequent stomach upsets, diarrhea, or vomiting after consuming poop, it is essential to seek veterinary intervention. These symptoms may be indicative of gastrointestinal problems or the ingestion of harmful pathogens from feces.
  3. Unexplained Weight Loss: Sudden or unexplained weight loss in your German Shepherd could be a sign of nutrient malabsorption or deficiencies caused by coprophagia. A veterinarian can conduct tests to identify the root cause and recommend appropriate treatment.
  4. Lethargy and Weakness: If your dog appears lethargic, weak, or lacks energy, it may be related to nutritional imbalances or underlying health issues. Professional evaluation can help determine the cause and provide necessary medical attention.
  5. Changes in Behavior: Coprophagia can sometimes be linked to behavioral issues. If your German Shepherd exhibits significant changes in behavior, such as increased anxiety, aggression, or excessive attention-seeking, consult a veterinarian or animal behaviorist to assess the situation.

B. Involvement of Animal Behaviorists and Trainers

  1. Persistent Behavioral Problems: If your German Shepherd’s coprophagia is driven by behavioral issues such as stress, anxiety, or attention-seeking behavior, seeking the help of a qualified animal behaviorist or trainer can be beneficial. They can assess your dog’s behavior and provide tailored behavior modification techniques to address the underlying causes.
  2. Training and Reinforcement Strategies: An animal behaviorist or trainer can assist in implementing effective training and reinforcement strategies to discourage coprophagia and promote alternative, desirable behaviors in your German Shepherd.
  3. Environmental Enrichment: Animal behaviorists can provide guidance on enriching your dog’s environment to reduce boredom and stress, which may be contributing to coprophagia. Enrichment activities can divert their attention from engaging in undesirable behaviors.
  4. Gradual Desensitization: If your German Shepherd’s coprophagia is driven by fear or anxiety, a behaviorist can employ gradual desensitization techniques to help your dog overcome their triggers and reduce the urge to eat poop.
  5. Collaborative Approach: In some cases, addressing coprophagia may require a collaborative effort between your veterinarian and an animal behaviorist or trainer. They can work together to identify and treat any medical or behavioral factors influencing the behavior.

Seeking professional help is essential if you encounter persistent or severe coprophagia in your German Shepherd. Both veterinarians and qualified animal behaviorists can play crucial roles in understanding the root causes and implementing effective strategies to manage and prevent this behavior for the health and well-being of your furry companion.

(Note: The content provided is for informational purposes only and should not be considered a substitute for professional veterinary or behavioral advice. If you have concerns about your dog’s health or behavior, consult a qualified veterinarian or animal behaviorist.)

Frequently Asked Questions

How to stop my German Shepherd from eating its own poop?

To stop your German Shepherd from eating its own poop, keep their living area clean, promptly remove feces, and provide a balanced diet to fulfill their nutritional needs.

Why does a German Shepherd eat its own poop?

When a German Shepherd eats its own poop, it may be due to dietary deficiencies, behavioral issues, or seeking attention. Consulting a veterinarian can help identify the underlying cause and provide appropriate solutions.

What triggers a dog to begin eating its own poop?

Dogs may start eating their own poop due to curiosity, boredom, or imitating behavior observed in other animals. Addressing their mental and physical needs and using positive reinforcement can help discourage this behavior.

What should I do when my dog eats its own poop?

When your dog eats its own poop, react calmly, and avoid punishing them. Redirect their focus to more appropriate activities, ensure a balanced diet, and consider consulting a veterinarian or behaviorist if the behavior persists.

Should I be concerned if my dog eats its own poop?

While occasional coprophagia may not be concerning, frequent poop-eating can be a health risk. Consult your veterinarian to rule out any medical issues and implement preventive measures to discourage the behavior.

Could my dog be eating poop due to hunger?

Hunger may contribute to coprophagia in dogs. Ensure your dog is fed a balanced diet and consult a veterinarian if you suspect any nutritional deficiencies.

What are the signs of coprophagia in dogs?

Signs of coprophagia in dogs include consuming their feces, displaying anxiety or stress, and seeking attention through the behavior. Observe your dog’s actions and consult a professional if you notice coprophagia or related concerns.


In conclusion, coprophagia, the act of dogs eating poop, can be a perplexing and concerning behavior, including in German Shepherds. Dog owners must understand the various factors contributing to this behavior, such as dietary deficiencies, behavioral issues, or attention-seeking behavior.

Prevention and early intervention are crucial in managing coprophagia. Consulting a veterinarian is essential to rule out any medical problems and meet your German Shepherd’s nutritional needs. Additionally, seeking the expertise of animal behaviorists or trainers can help address behavioral issues effectively.

Responsible pet ownership involves providing a balanced diet, mental and physical stimulation, and a clean living environment. If we follow these guidelines and get help from professionals when needed, our pets will have a healthier and happier life without the habit of eating poop.

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